Endnotes: Chapter 4

  1.  I have also benefitted from fresh insights offered by Roy E. Ciampa and Brian S. Rosner in The First Letter to the Corinthians, Pillar New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2010).
  2. Most commentators accept the conclusion of Gordon Fee that touch refers to any sexual intercourse. But Roy Ciampa argues that the term has a more restricted reference to sex for the sake of sensual gratification (in contrast to sex for the sake of procreation). First Letter to the Corinthians, 272-78.
  3. To communicate his central idea, Paul used two other examples of external life circumstances—circumcision and slavery—to illustrate his point. But the main point of application throughout the passage focused on the believers’ marital status.
  4. The outline that follows has been modified from Richard B. Hays, First Corinthians, Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Louisville, KY: John Knox Press, 1997), 112-30.
  5. In 1 Timothy 4:3, Paul said that those who “prohibit marriage” are false teachers.
  6. See my further comments on this point in chapter 10, “Top Ten Missteps to a Miserable Marriage.”
  7. Sexual purity is the theme of the entire segment from 1 Corinthians 4:18–7:40, summarized in the commands of 6:12 and 20. Also see 1 Thessalonians 4:3-7; 1 Timothy 5:2.
  8. Literally, verse 17 reads: “To each as God apportions, each as God has called, thus walk.” “Paul is dealing with issues of marital, racial, and social status, and makes the far-reaching point that these circumstances are what the Lord in his purposes assigns to each Christian.” Ciampa and Rosner, First Letter to the Corinthians, 308-9.
  9. This sentence may sound like a joke—and when I wrote it, it was. But then I realized it is the truth, in a good way, as we will see in part 3.
  10. Lawrence J. Crabb Jr., The Marriage Builder: A Blueprint for Couples and Counselors (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1982), 70-75. Lawrence J. Crabb Jr. and Dan B. Allender, Encouragement: The Key to Caring (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984), 52-53.
  11. I described Paul’s practice of planning and prayer in chapter 2.